Child Protection

Child Protection
Term Full Form/Explaination  
CLPRA Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act  
SDMC South Delhi Municipality Corporation  
SSP School Safety Plan  
IEC Information, Education and Communication   
SRHR Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights  
MTBA More Than Brides Alliance  
LSE Life Skill Education    
CSE Comprehensive Sexuality Education  
CWC Child Welfare Committee  
VLCPC Village Level Child Protection Committee  

Programme-1: Promoting Child Rights in Spice Growing 30 Villages of Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
India is home to the second-largest population in the world. While this can be an advantage for a country’s growth, India has unfortunately not been able to use this to its advantage as 3.8 million children work as child labourers, often involved in hazardous jobs.

One of the recent amendments in the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act (CLPRA) allows child labour in “family or family enterprises”. This is likely to increase the involvement of children in agriculture because it is usually a family enterprise. This will make more children prone to get caught in the clutches of child labour, one of the biggest enemies of a happy childhood.

Producton of spices comprises an important part of India’s agricultural sector as India is the largest producer, consumer and expoter of spices. Given the fact that 69.5 percent of child labour (5-14 age) in India works in the agricultural sector (according to a 2013 report titled ‘Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labour’, by the US Department of Labour), it is important to look at the situation in the spice inustry from the lens of child rights.

Children are forced into spice farming because of alarming issues like poverty, lack of awareness about education and lack of protection mechanisms. Gender discrimination is a major reason why girl children drop out of schools. 44 percent of children working in the spice industry had dropped out of school. Children receive almost 30 percent less wages than adults for similar nature and duration of work.

Save the Children is working in Guntur, one of the nine coastal districts in Andhra Pradesh. The district is the largest producer of chillies in India and therefore it is a lucrative sector for traders. Many children work in these chilli farms. Chilli culvitation takes place is hot summers and children are often prone to occupational hazards like sunstrokes and breathing problems because of chilli dust.
The main project objective is to promote child rights in 30 spice-growing villages through strengthening school and community-based mechanisms by 2020. Through our interventions, children between the age of 6-14 years in the spice-growing villages have been enrolled in schools.

Key Achievements
  • Community-based groups have been set up in 21 villages to ensure that the environment is conducive for children to learn. 
  • 43 Community Reading Camps were organised in 30 villages.
  • 30 Children Groups with 519 members were formed in 30 villages.
  • Bal Sabha (Childrens' Groups) meetings have been conducted on a regular basis.
  • Suggestion boxes were installed in 30 schools and a complaint redressal mechanism was implemented.
Through the course of the project, various challenges were encountered. For example, some of the villages were very remote and there were no transportation facilities available. Abject poverty and migration of families also led to high drop out rate and absenteeism. Besides, there is a serious lack of awareness on the importance and benefits of social protection schemes. 
These challenges were overcome by constantly engaging with the children and their community and sensitising them on their rights. Community members were roped in at every step of the project with an aim to empower them to stand up for their rights.

Programme-2: School Safety Initiative for Schools in South Delhi, India

Background: School Safety in Schools of South Delhi was an initiative of Save the Children. The project started on 1st October 2016 and is still on-going. We work with 40 schools under South Delhi Municipality Corporation (SDMC) in South Delhi to strengthen their resilience to disaster, climate change and protection risks. This is being done through promoting regular access to knowledge, strengthening institutional disaster management practices and advocacy with the concerned departments for changes in statutory guidelines and policies. Save the Children is using its internal technical team and technical agencies for the project. Our Delhi office is advocating with the concerned departments to meet its advocacy objectives for bringing about changes in the institutional statutory guidelines. For sustainability of the project practices, the knowledge resource developed during the project will be co-branded with the municipality and disaster management departments.

About the Project: The project has directly benefited 20,000 children, 200 teachers, 520 School Management Committee members and 20,000 parents. It has also reached indirectly to another 30,000 children and 200 teachers through cross sharing of project learning.


The activities and major highlights of the project:
  • Development of Child Safety Checklist for Delhi Government.
  • Sessions on child rights, child protection, disaster and climate change development, and module writing.
  • Provision of a basic emergency kit for schools.
  • School Safety Plan (SSP) preparation in 40 schools.
  • SSP sharing session with students in each class room to familiarise the plan.
  • Development of General Safety Module (dos & don’ts).
  • General Safety Session in the class rooms.
  • Display of Evacuation Maps in schools.
  • Display information, education and communication (IEC) in selected schools across the district (both project and non-project intervention).
  • Develop/Adapt session content for technical training to task forces on early warning, search and rescue (adults), first aid (adults), psycho-social first aid (adult).
  • Conduct a training on how to organise a mock drill for project staff.
  • Conduct assisted mock drills in schools.
  • Refresher Training of project staff on GIS mapping and reinforcement meetings.
  • Quarterly Exchange Programme- children from intervention schools visit non-intervention schools to spread key awareness messages.
  • Develop/provide interactive child friendly games for children of different age groups (6-12 years).
  • Training on "Urban Disaster and Climate Change Resilience" with MCD, DDMA, partner NGO, and Ministry of Urban Affairs.
  • Celebration of Child Right Week.
  • Orientation of School Safety Committee Members.

Programme-3: Marriage No Child’s Play

Marriage No Child’s Play’ is Save the Children's initiative to reduce the instances of child marriage and its adverse effects on young women and girls. The project started in 2016 and is still ongoing. It is currently being implemented in the states of Odisha, Bihar, and Rajasthan as it is rampant in these states. The project directly reached 565 girls, 264 boys, 2225 males, 2427 females, 422 adolescent males, and 630 adolescent females. It indirectly reached 864 girls, 433 boys, 2495 males, 2613 females, 694 adolescent males, and 440 adolescent females.
Objective: The long-term objective of this project is to empower young people to be able to decide if and when they want to marry. The project is an endeavour to spread awareness among adolescents about their Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR).
Theory of Change: ‘More Than Brides Alliance’ (MTBA) is working in countries where the prevalence of child marriage is an important impediment to achieving adolescent well-being. The two crucial components of the Theory of Change include - girls’ empowerment and changing harmful customs, traditions, norms, and practices. The broad goal of MTBA is to address the underlying factors influencing child marriage in a manner that it expands opportunities for girls and ensures their current and long-term wellbeing.
Strategies: The project aims at empowering at risk and already married adolescents and girls with Life Skill Education (LSE), Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE), and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) information. Efforts are being made to equip them with knowledge and skills that will enable them to navigate the challenges and opportunities in the transition phase from puberty to adulthood.
The project is trying to provide alternatives to child marriage and mitigating its impact on girls. This is being done by enhancing their access to education-economic opportunities and child protection systems. Efforts are being made to change social norms by raising awareness and influencing legal and policy frameworks so that child marriage is reduced through the adaptation and implementation of these laws and policies.

  • Capacity building on 'Life Skill Education' is being provided to adolescents
  • Sensitising adolescents and service providers on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) for strengthening Adolescent Friendly Health (AFH) services
  • Strengthening School Management Committees (SMCs) and Child Protection Committees (CPCs) for addressing issues related to School Dropouts and sensitise adolescent girls on the existing social protection schemes
  • Capacity building of Community-Based Organisations (CBOs), Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI), health service providers, duty bearers, and religious leaders
  • Educating girls-at-risk on Financial Literacy
  • Facilitating girls-at-risk to access economic opportunities
  • Generating awareness through Behavior Change Communication
  • Sensitising the media to increase media reporting renouncing child marriage

Programme-4: Speak Up: Say No to Violence against Women and Girls

Background: Save the Children India has been providing opportunities and spaces for children to participate in resolving issues which affect their lives. We listen to their views and learn from them. We then implement the same approach further. We keep in mind the concept of ‘violence’, which directly or indirectly takes children and women in its clutches due to their vulnerable position in the society.

About the Project: Save the Children has initiated a project titled, ‘Speak Up: Say No to Violence against Women and Girls’. The project is being implemented in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.

The project mainly focuses on Gender-Based Issues including sex-selective abortion/female foeticide, abandonment, early and forced marriage, physical and sexual abuse, dowry deaths, domestic violence on girls’, and child exclusions.

The main aim of the project is to raise awareness about violence against women and girls, ensure that duty bearers are sensitised about this topic, and social action plans are rolled out for reducing gender-based violence.

The The following activities are being majorly covered under the project:

  1. Creating awareness on the concept of violence, early and forced marriage, female foeticide, and neglect of the girl child
  2. Sensitisation and training of key stakeholders including Women & Child Development, Home, and Education Departments
  3. Sensitisation workshops for law enforcement officials
  4. State level campaign to collaborate with women’s rights movements and networks
  5. Identify young girls and women as champions and promote them as spokespersons
  6. Organise Leadership Summit
  7. Facilitate the state government to focus on developing a proposal on Nirbhaya Fund
  Expected Outcomes:
  • By the end of the project, there will be an increase in awareness level amongst the concerned stakeholders on the harmful effects of violence against women and girls, gender inequality, and power relation at the state and district level
  • Creation of a social action plan to combat the violence against women and girls
  • Political commitment and accountability amongst stakeholders will be strengthened to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls
  • Save the Children would also collaborate with women’s rights movement/network/coalition at the state and national level to further amply the campaign message through established movements

Programme-5: Protecting Children through Community Cadre

About the Project: The project aims to strengthen the protection of children from exploitation, abuse, neglect, and violence. It also aims at ensuring an appropriate inter-sectoral response. Overall, a 'safety net' will reduce the vulnerability and increase the protection of children in the targeted states.  Learning and evidence of the effectiveness of this ‘Cadre’ for protecting children in a better way, will be available for the other districts within Jharkhand. Replication of the model and approach will be presented at the national level in the advocacy strategy to promote the establishment of a ‘Cadre’ at the community level. This approach will be used for training and "on the job" assessment and accreditation as well.

Expected Outcomes from the project are:
  • A greater number of girls and boys are being protected and referred for services
  • Families are being linked with social security schemes
  • Families are being strengthened and given alternative care wherever needed
  • The deinstitutionalisation of children is being promoted.
  • More cases are being appropriately created/prepared before Child Welfare Committees (CWCs) for further referral and linkage
  • The Village Level Child Protection Committees (VLCPCs) in the respective panchayats are functional and are working to reduce issues of child protection in the respective villages
  • The gaps between child protection services at the district, block and, village level are being minimised with the Cadre initiative
  • The community Cadre is being empowered with training and accreditation in the project period. It will transfer knowledge and skills to the VLCPC members resulting in a stronger child protection mechanism in the respective Panchayats
Activities of the project
  • Advisory Committee members were invited to join the Cadre
  • The job description of ‘Cadre’ is put in place before recruitment of Panchayat/Ward level ‘Cadre’s
  • Recruitment of the ‘Cadre’
  • 100% ‘Cadres are trained for their role
  • Competency-based Training Module is developed for assessors
  • Tools for Assessment, based on Standardised Assessment criteria are put in place for Assessors and ‘Cadres
  • 100% Assessors are trained before they take up their role
  • 100% VLCPC are trained for their role
  • Vulnerability assessment study is carried out
  • Vulnerable girls and boys are identified through the vulnerability assessment (as per CNCP criteria)
  • Gender-segregated data and information is collected and analysed for intervention as well as for wider dissemination 
  • Identified children and families are being referred for protection schemes and social security schemes
  • Case Management System has been established and children are receiving better services. The most vulnerable children are referred to DCPS
  • Learning and dissemination workshops are being held

Programme-6: Surviving the Streets in India: The Invisibles

Providing a Legal Identity to children living in street situations.

“The children of the world are innocent, vulnerable and dependent. They are also curious, active and full of hope. Their childhood should be one of joy and peace, of playing, learning and growing. Their future should be shaped in harmony and cooperation. Their lives should mature, as they broaden their perspective and gain new experiences”

- World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children: World Summit for Children. 30 September 2001.
About the Project
The project activities will be implemented over a period of two years. The implementation will take place from April 2018 to March 2020. Save the Children in collaboration with the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights, a statutory body of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, developed in 2017, a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for the Care and Protection of Children in Street Situations. The Standard Operating Procedure, approved and supported by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, is a first of its kind policy document that provides a step by step guideline for all stakeholders, including various government departments for the effective care, protection and rehabilitation of children in street situations.

Acknowledging the importance of an identity document for children in street situations, this project will provide children with an Aadhaar Card, a legal identity document which is a crucial component of the Standard Operating Procedure.
Who is Being Reached?  
Save the Children is aiming to reach 200,000 children in the age group of 1 - 18 years living in street situations with direct interventions across the ten cities of Delhi, Agra, Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Mughal Sarai, Mumbai, Nasik, Pune and Kolkata in four states in India – Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and West Bengal. The proposed intervention aims to reach four categories of children defined as children in street situations. These include abandoned or orphan children, children begging on the streets, missing or runaway children, and/or children living/working with parents on the street.

We will be targeting all the categories of children in street situations stated above under the proposed intervention, including those that live with their parents on the street. Parents would also be covered under the scope of the programme through indirect support to secure an Aadhaar card and access social protection schemes.

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