What is gender inequality in India?

In Indian society, gender inequality is a major problem. In India, ingrained gender inequality severely impacts women’s lives despite decades of legislation and a constitution that promises equal rights for men and women. Gender gaps still exist despite significant economic growth. 

Due to a number of causes of gender inequality in India, including the high levels of discrimination against women as well as numerous discriminatory social norms, laws, and cultural practices, India has been ranked poorly on various indices of gender disparity. These include economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, political empowerment, and legal protection. Women are discriminated against and instances of gender inequality occur in India, such as inaccessibility to jobs and education, underrepresentation in politics, poor access to health and nutrition services. Violence against women still exists in the Indian society..

What is the main cause of gender inequality in india?

The unfavourable and unacceptable treatment of a person because of their gender constitutes gender discrimination. Women are typically the ones who deal with this kind of discrimination on the basis of gender. The Indian constitution ensures equal rights and privileges for men and women, yet the majority of women in India are deprived of the use of these perks and chances.

There are several causes of gender inequality in India, such as:


Causes of gender inequality in India for girls have resulted in educational regress in India. It is a sad fact that girls in India are still denied the opportunity to learn despite the nation’s educational reforms. People need to mend their perspectives and comprehend the advantages of educating girls. A well-read, educated woman makes sure that other family members, particularly the children, have a good education.

Patriarchal Setup

In India, men predominate in both societal and family life. This has consistently been the case and is still practised in a lot of households even today. Although urbanisation and education are changing this mindset, there is still a long way to go before the situation is permanently altered.


Given its recent rise to prominence and rapid progress, India is still a developing country and a large number of people live below the poverty line. Poverty is also a contributor to gender disparity in India. One of the primary drawbacks is that, despite the prevalence of education in rural areas, families prefer to send their sons for education rather than sending their daughters.

Women’s Lack of Awareness

Women’s ignorance of their rights and limitations on achieving equality is another contributor to gender inequality in India. The prevalent cultural and social conventions, which state that women should be obedient to men, are frequently to blame for this lack of awareness. It’s critical to remove these obstacles and raise women’s awareness of their rights so they may demand equality.

Social Practices, Beliefs, and Customs

Many households still today favour a son over a daughter and desire a male child. Sons are valued more than daughters in terms of economic, political, and religious considerations, particularly in rural communities and business societies.

Child Marriage

Child marriage in India is mostly caused by gender inequity. Before they turn 18, girls are coerced into marriage in order to establish a family. This is the result of families’ having conservative ideas that only males and girls should attend school because they need education and are meant to take care of the family. Early marriages lead to pregnancies in women who are still unable to care for either themselves or their unborn kids. Subsequently, having an impact on their physical health.

An emphasis on the causes of gender inequality in India is required to end gender discrimination and ensure that we reach every kid, especially the most vulnerable. Vulnerability can be influenced by a person’s age, colour, social status, gender identity, location, state of health, and aptitude. These other factors interact with gender discrimination and make them worse. Save the Children is known for its commitment to promoting gender equality and empowering girls around the world. If we want to build a future that is equal, inclusive, and free of gender discrimination, we must start in childhood. With your support, Save the Children works to eradicate the causes of gender inequality in India for millions of children each year by empowering girls from a young age.

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