Programme 1: Building Safer and Resilient Communities in Urban Slum India
||United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
||Disaster Risk Reduction
||Network in a Box
||Early Warning System
||Urban Resilience Children Convention
The project targeted children, mothers, youth, key community leaders, Aanganwadi workers, school management committees and teachers, parents, Department of Education, Department of Women and Child Development and Department of Urban Development. The project was on from 1st
August 2015 to 31st
December 2017. 77954 adults and 42480 children were directly reached and 54357 adults and 54466 children were reached indirectly.
Key highlights of the project:
- Save the Children India has successfully completed the pilot phase of a Child Centred Urban Resilience intervention in slums of 4 cities – Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Patna.
- 30 children and youth participated in the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in November 2016 in New Delhi in which more than 60 countries participated. Children and Youth met with Robert Glasser, Chief of United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) and advocated successfully for the inclusion of Comprehensive School Safety in the Asia Regional Plan / Outcome Document.
- Over 120 children, mothers, community level practitioners and government officials from Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata and Chennai came together for the “Urban Resilience Children Convention” and shaped their agenda for “My Resilient City.”
- Save the Children, India facilitated the development of a Family Resilience Plan tool. Currently, this is being piloted and tested in the four cities of India and will be mainstreamed after pilot stage, across Save the Children movement. Two technical studies, “Rapid Visual Survey” of schools in four cities and “Linkage Building Study – mapping how risks and mitigation is strengthened through linkage to development agenda”, have been carried out, which have been utilized for effective advocacy work.
- Children, youth, mothers and government representatives from Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata and Chennai participated in the National Conference on Urban Resilience, New Delhi – 12-13 December 2017, along with national level government representatives, including National Disaster Management Authority and external experts, who also contributed to the lessons learnt and provided recommendations for setting our Urban Agenda for the next five years (2018 – 2022).
We have now moved into Phase II of C&A Foundation project i.e. to “Increase preparedness and resilience in urban communities in India”. The project will be implemented in Patna and Kolkata while Delhi will act as the centre for engagement with government ministries. This project has been extended for another 5 years, from June 2018 to May 2023.
Programme 2: Child Centric Disaster Risk Reduction in India
Save the Children - DRR Strategy
India is among the most risk-prone and vulnerable countries. Factors like rapid population growth, poverty and unequal access to resources, public services and infrastructure and environmental risks like floods, tropical storms, heat waves and droughts that will continue to increase in the coming decades have led to an increase in the vulnerability of the poor. The poor people are also likely to be exposed to everyday shocks and stress that eventually lead to increased impoverishment. Children are the most affected as their education, health, nutrition, safety and overall care are jeopardised.
Save the Children follows a Child Centred Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CC CB DRR) approach. This approach encourages children to play leading roles in their communities to minimise the impact of the disasters.
Our approach in developing resilience of communities is rooted in three principles:
- Response Based Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) – with strategic focus on: Building Back Better.
- Hazard-Based DRR considers building resilience through empowerment.
- Integrating DRR into Development – An approach that aims to mainstream DRR into development interventions to promote and protect overall human development.
Save the Children is building the resilience of vulnerable children, their families and communities in selected areas of India by integrating Disaster Risk Reduction and Social Protection with Technology, because Information Communication Technology forms a key part of this project and is used to deliver and connect Disaster Risk Reduction with social protection schemes and programmes for the benefit of communities.
The project, with support from Nokia is working in 350 villages/urban slums across 5 states - Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu with a budget of approximately INR. 48 crores over a period of 4 years. Each of the states have been selected based on the high vulnerability to disasters and varied hazard profiles.
There are four key components based on which our project has been designed and each of these components is vital for creating a resilient community:
- Identify, assess and reduce risks related to disaster by working with the local people
- Improve access to social protection and promote investment in children
- Strengthening systems and mechanisms for children’s safety and development
- Develop partnerships with all stakeholders
Some innovations in our approach include:
- Network in a Box (NIB)-Through NIB the task force members will be able to connect with each other through a ruggedized device and coordinate their response efforts.
- Early warning system (EWS) - It is a desktop based application through which disaster alert messages can be sent by the administration to multiple recipients.
- 3D flood forecasting software: This tool will alert vulnerable communities based on the existing precipitation level and anticipated rainfall.
- Forecast Application for Risk Management in Agriculture: This module aims at demystifying and interpreting weather and climate forecasts for farmers and government officials.
- Road Safety Application- This application will use SMS based technology to send messages (with location details) to critical life-saving departments like police and health as well as preferred contact in the event of an accident.